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Who Are Exempt From Fasting???

Who Are Exempt From Fasting???
Before we answer this question regarding exemptions, we need to make clear the point that who are “required to fast”.
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  • Who are required to fast?

  • Before we answer this question regarding exemptions, we need to make clear the point that who are “required to fast”.

  • In precise terms the requirements for fasting obligation are “adults (11-14 years of age, depends on onset of puberty), healthy individuals”.

  • In the light of holy Quran:

  • [2:184] Specific days (are designated for fasting); if one is ill or traveling, an equal number of other days may be substituted. Those who can fast, but with great difficulty, may substitute feeding one poor person for each day of breaking the fast. If one volunteers (more righteous works), it is better. But fasting is the best for you, if you only knew.

    [2:185] Ramadan is the month during which the Quran was revealed, providing guidance for the people, clear teachings, and the statute book. Those of you who witness this month shall fast therein. Those who are ill or traveling may substitute the same number of other days. GOD wishes for you convenience, not hardship, that you may fulfill your obligations, and to glorify GOD for guiding you, and to express your appreciation.

  • Exempted categories:

  • In Islam, people who fall under following categories are exempt from fasting in the month of Ramadan, even.

  • • Mentally challenged: Those people who are mentally challenged are not required to fast during the month of Ramadan.

  • • Children: Fasting during the month of Ramadan is not obligatory for children (those who have not undergone puberty).

  • • Women: Those who are passing from their monthly cycles. Or those who are undergoing from the phase of post-childbirth. Women, in such conditions are exempted from fasting and are required to compensate for the missed days afterwards.

  • • Travelers: Travelers are exempted from fasting. Traveling is something you’re your culture considers as a travel. For example, going to university is not a travel that can exempt you from fasting. However, if you have to travel far and the journey is difficult then you are eligible for this exemption.

  • • Sickness: By Sickness I mean, that when you are suffering from some ailment; if you fast your ailment worsens. Such types of sickness will implement this exemption from fasting. However, here it does not means that one needs to be sick deathly! It just means that if your disease or sickness may get worse from fasting, you are allowed not to fast during that period.

  • • Temporary sickness: These types of sickness include fever; moderate cough etc. These people are exempted from fast, and later they are required to compensate for the lost days.

  • • Permanent sickness: This type of sickness includes cancer, diabetes, AIDS, tuberculosis (TB); etc. These people are exempted from fasting but are required to give food to a poor daily during Ramadan. These people do not have to compensate for the missed days by fasting later, because of the permanent nature of the sickness.

  • • Pregnant and breastfeeding women: Pregnant Muslim women who fast during Ramadan are likely to have smaller babies who will be more prone to learning disabilities in adulthood, according to new research. Muslim sisters, realize firstly that just because you’re pregnant or breastfeeding doesn’t get you off the hook. Only if you feel that the fast will make it difficult on you or that a Muslim reputable doctor tells you that the fast will have adverse consequences on you or your child, then you’re exempt from the fasting. There is difference of opinion on whether they should feed someone or if they should make it up for that missed fast – my personal opinion is that they should make it up.

  • • A permanent sickness can also mean one who is very old and weak.

  • Compensatory ways:

  • • Fast later in other months or after the month of Ramadan, as soon as the cause of delay is gone.
    • Give a meal for each missed day of fasting. Or calculate the missed days and give all meals (according to the calculated missed days) together.
    • You can feed various people or you can feed that compensatory meal to one person only.
    • You can also give money to the poor that may buy them a proper meal. Best is to give food.

  • Type of food to give as compensation:

  • • Give the poor a regular meal or a proper meal to eat.
    • Meaning of ‘regular meal’ varies from culture to culture.
    • If chicken is a regular meal for you, you should give that.
    • But if that is a luxury for you then you are not obliged to give that.
    • You may also give lentils, bread etc.

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  1. Acctually I'm a student of olevels and I had my international exam in the month of Ramadan and I usually take so much tension that I fell ill so due to that reason I left my fast but will complete it after Ramadan . Is it right ?? Or I can't make it after Ramadan ???

    on May 29 2017 1:39PM Report Abuse MURSAL
  2. Dear brother. I have kept my today's fast but I am feeling severe itching in my throat and disturbing cough which has dried my mouth so I can't even sleep. And also I have studied whole night . And have a exam to attempt today. Please give me some advise

    on Jun 26 2016 4:45AM Report Abuse TALHA
  3. Jazak Allah o Khaira...I have kind of embarrassing question to ask about my Ramadan, i don't know should i ask or not but it is very important to ask... What if a man don't have money for food during this holy Month,??? Is he exempt from fasting??? I have been seeking for job since April 2016 and today is 1st Ramadan. I'm spending my days in some reltv's home because of no food for kids. TODAY IS 1st RAMADAN and they asked me to vacate. Now i have no money for food for kids so AM I EXEMPT FROM FAST or i should ask someone for charity etc???

    on Jun 5 2016 10:57PM Report Abuse SHAHID MEHMOOD
  4. Thank you

    on Dec 4 2015 5:32AM Report Abuse MUJAHID BALA
  5. Thanks for this valuable information. May Allah help you in all respect.

    on Jul 12 2015 10:24PM Report Abuse SHAMSODDOHA PURKAIT
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    on Jun 21 2015 12:38PM Report Abuse KHANAPAKANA SUPPORT TEAM
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    on Jun 21 2015 5:08AM Report Abuse AMOS NJOR KIADII
  8. This article addressed a serious point of argument and misunderstanding between my wife and I. She held opinion that a pregnant woman can fast if she could cope with the stress and hunger. I opined that the baby may be affected even if the mother did not feel affected. This article cleared air once and for all! Thanks so much for the good work.

    on Jun 21 2015 4:04AM Report Abuse ABIOYE KAZEEM
  9. Salam, I was wondering if anyone has any advice they can give me. Currently I am studying for my masters degree and a mandatory part of it is to do a work placement. This means that I have to wake up around 7am and be in bed by 10pm (as it usually takes me an hour to actually fall asleep no matter what time it is) - I also have to drive to my work which is around 12km away (I drive on both motorway and A road's which are quite busy). Therefore I was wondering am I required to fast and if so, does anyone have any advice on how I can do so considering that I am usually asleep the time that I am allowed to eat. Thank you in advance and may Allah bless you all

    on Jun 17 2015 4:03PM Report Abuse SALIM
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